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Besides the US and EU, in what other countries would you recommend converting a PCT filing to national patent protections?
To add to Mark answer a bitpanies generally consider obtaining patents (i) where their major market is (ii) where their majorpetitors are based (iii) where potential acquirers are based and (iv) where theirpetitors are filing patents. The first is pretty straightforward - where do you sell your product? Protect it there. The second is likewise straightforward. Frequently this will be the same as the first - youre a USpany with a US market and yourpetitor is in the US for example. But maybe your primarypetitor is in Australia. Sure you can stop them from importing the product into the US with a US patent but if you could stop them from manufacturing with an Australian patent then that effectively gives you a worldwide monopoly. The third is a bit more subtle. Say youre looking to sell thepany in 335 years. You may have a few ideas for acquisition targets bigpanies that may want to buy you out. They probably are interested in patent protection in their home markets. If that US and youre a USpany great but if theyre say Japanese then maybe you want to consider obtaining some protection there. It provides value to the acquirer and makes you both more attractive and more valuable. The fourth is key to finding new markets to expand into and for finding potential acquirers. If yourpetitors are suddenly obtaining patents in say France but it not their home base not a major market and you don know of any acquirer then take a closer look for why Maybe theyre about to launch a new product there. Maybe there an acquirer you don know about. Maybe they just acquired a subsidiary. Either way it worth an inspection to see if you should follow suit.
How can I open a 13Kb PCT file from 1997? All the converters I've tried return an error. I don’t have access to a Mac any more.
There are several applications that will read pct files (Photoshop illustrator Corel draw and paintshop pro to name some). But to answer your question we need to look at the error that all the converters have returned. If the error indicates file corruption you may be out of luck. Was this stored on an SSD device at anytime since 1997 by any chance? Or are you moving from an old Mac to a PC?
Adobe Illustrator: How can I convert raster images to vector files while maintaining image quality?
Literally This is not the way to make vector s. Because you will never be able to get 1% perfection. In Adobe Illustrator You can - Drag n drop any raster to select You can play through tracing option clicking on that tiny arrow in the right. Liking the tracing result?! 4. Click on the expand button & you are done! PS This process only gives you 539% accuracy based on your s 19 6 Have Fun! )
How do I convert a still-valid provisional patent application to a non-provisional patent application?
I convert Provisional Applications into Utility Patents all the time (about 4 times so far; I currently have 32 US Patents). That is the whole point of a Provisional; to establish a Priority Date for an disclosed invention. Then you have a year to file a Utility Patent based on that Priority Date or abandon the idea with out it ever being disclosed to the public. What a good Provisional does is fully disclose your idea and it should be at least an outline of the Invention Disclosure section of the the Utility Patent Application. You probably will have thought it through in the time since you have filed the Provisional. And maybe filled additional Provisionals which also apply. Claims are optional in Provisional Patents and you are not held to them. But I always write one or more just to ensure my Provisional disclosure supports the intended Claims fully. The legal boilerplate and Claim writing is where you need a good support system in a Registered Patent Agent or a Patent Attorney. Both are registered to practice Patent Law before the US Patent Office and to do the legal filing. Get rmendations from friends. My personal advice is to avoid big firms ($$$) and find small firms or sole practitioners which have low overhead and often give you better personal service. I work with an sole-practitioner Attorney a couple of states away entirely by phone and Email. It is more efficient and good education for you to draft the disclosure (using a similar patent in the field as a reference model) and let him edit it. Have your Agent or Attorney do a quick search before you waste too much time on writing to ensure somebody else hasn already thought of the idea and to reckon how much Claim space is available to you. Claim writing is something he need to do and you need to agree with it Your job is to make sure your disclosure full supports the Claims. Drafting Claim ideas is good training for you and will focus them on what you think is novel. Initially you probably want to overreach on the Claims and negotiate downward during the Patent Examination. Thepiling and legal filing of the Patent Application as well as the back and forth interaction with the USPTO assigned Examiner must be done by a Patent Agent or Patent Attorney. Expect to spent $532k and at least 2+ years to get a Patent issued. And there maye a time where it bees clear that you idea is not new or the Claims are so narrow that they have little economic value. Don waste resources on vanity patents; focus your resources on inventions that have $$$ value to SOMEBODY Patents protecting an invention that you or somebody can make or use or Patents that you can sell or license. Good luck!
How can I make a patent of my innovation that is internationally accepted?
As others have pointed out - an idea is not patentable by itself. You must cross over that line between an idea and invention! Although submitting models and protos are not required doing so can be useful in demonstrating to the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) that your invention works properly and that it isn a mere idea. The USPTO requires that your invention be described in your application to the level of detail that someone skilled in the technical area of your invention can recreate your invention without undue burden. Thus if you believe you can submit an application that sufficiently describes your product then you can take the chance of going modeless. Even if your idea is patentable and you do not need to submit a proto for your specific invention you still have to think about the sums of money patent registration - and enforcement - requires. For bootstrapping entrepreneurs there are more cost-friendly routes that can provide strong intellectual property (IP) protection. Non-disclosure agreements and trade secret protection can work just as well as costly patent registration especially whenbined with innovation design and speed. Employees board members and advisors should be required to sign agreements requiring them to assign all business-related IP to the startup. You will also want to extend IP protection through agreements with non-employees including vendors. outsourced designers consultants engineers and even customers. I encourage you to visit LawTrades s for further gance on determining the value of your patent as we offer free consultations with skilled patent attorneys. Also please feel free to contact me directly with any concerns you have about registering your patent or protecting your intellectual property. I hope that helps and good luck moving forward!
Can multiple regular (non-provisional) patent applications be filed claiming the benefit of a single provisional patent application?
In the United States yes absolutely. In fact this is even relativelymon because there are different considerations made in the filing of a provisional than regular applications. A provisional application doesn have a lot of rules about what goes in it. You can write a long long application describing for example aplete process for converting raw materials to a finished product on an assembly line and then file that as a provisional application. Then you can write in a regular application say a claim #1 claiming a novel material handling machine for positioning products on the assembly line a claim #2 claiming a novel method of keeping materials at a desired temperature as they pass through process stations on the assembly line and you might file a claim #3 claiming the novel mechanism that was built on that assembly line. And maybe a claim #4 a method claim for a process of making that novel product which involves positioning a product just so and maintaining the positioned product within a particular temperature range while preforming processes x y and z on the product. You know you would very like get a Restriction Requirement (objection to the application saying that the claims are not related to one invention and requiring you to choose one set of claims directed to only one invention in the application and to cancel the other claims) if you tried to write a patent application with one independent claim to a material handling machine (claim #1) AND one independent claim to a method of keeping materials at a desired temperature while they move through processing stations (claim #2) because these are very different inventions which would not be classified together and would require an entirely different search strategy by the examiner. So you may want to forego the delay that would occur if a restriction requirement were issued and then answered and just start out with one application with Claim# 1 as an independent claim a second regular application with Claim # 2 as an independent claim. And a third regular application with Claim #3 as an independent claim. You might try to include Claim #4 in that third applicationthey may be arguably related Or you may want to file a fourth regular application with Claim # 4 as an independent claim. All 3 (or 4) regular applications can claim priority to the provisional application assuming that they meet the requirements (filed within a year of the provisional application for example) Of course another way that you could have more than one application claiming priority to the same provisional is if you do file one regular application and a restriction requirement is issued saying you have two inventions. You could then amend the first application to pursue just the first invention then file a divisional application directed to the second invention and claiming to the provisional application via the first non-provisional application. Or maybe you filed a provisional application on a product started selling the product started selling millions of them in a matter of weeks then found out through your network of contacts that there was copycat starting production of the same product in the US. So you immediately file a US regular application and do everything you can to expedite the prosecution of that application so that you can use an issued patent to stop yourpetitor. And because your product is so phenomenally successful you also file a PCT application designating all countries (because it easier and no more expensive that way than to name 35 countries) and claiming priority to the provisional application. All countries includes the US. A PCT application designating the US is considered a US patent application by the USPTO and could be a basis for entering the national stage in the US (thus you have a second regular application claiming priority to the same provisional application). But of course youll have to figure something else to claim otherwise you could get a double patenting rejection if your PCT national stage application has identical claims to the first filed US regular application. This is actually useful because by the time the US national stage application gets filed you have a lot more information about what your clientpetitor has and you can craft the claims that you file so that they more clearly reflect the structure that thepetitor is using (while making sure that you have support for these crafted claims in the provisional application)